The SEND code of practice (2015) states that:
All settings should adopt a graduated approach with four stages of action: assess, plan, do and review.
The 'assess' stage does not necessarily involve formal assessments, as an assessment of need can be done through alternative methods such as reviewing the effectiveness of interventions and current provision. 'Assess' can refer to an individual, a group or a whole school's situation. Parents and carers must be notified about the start of this cycle, and their consent is needed to move onto all following stages.
The 'plan' stage is closely connected to the 'assess' stage and involves outlining a plan to put into place with the child, young person and their family. Plans can include:
Plans will include SMART (specific, measurable, achievable, realistic and timely) targets in order to have an objective measure in an identified timeline. Plans will take into account the views of the child or young person, and any input provided should be chosen to meet the identified SMART targets. The SEND code of practice (2015) also mentions that; [input should be] based on reliable evidence of effectiveness, and provided by practitioners with relevant skills and knowledge.
The class teacher, with support from the SENCO, is usually the individual responsible for overseeing the implementation of the child or young person's plan. During this phase all adults involved with the child or young person will monitor the individual's response to the plan and problem solving should the need arise.
The effectiveness, impact and quality of the support provided through the plan should be reviewed at a set time by the SENCO and relevant practitioner. This review may lead to the extension of support, changes to the support or ending of the support. The child or young person's views should be taken into account during this stage, and parents / carers should be involved in planning the next steps based on the review.
The above four stages can repeat and take place throughout education, and in some cases they may only run for one cycle.
To find out more about how our services can be included within a cycle of assess, plan, do and review then please get in touch through emailing firstname.lastname@example.org or calling 0330 088 8408.
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